Sunday, December 12, 2010

Lévay on Qubits & Black Hole Horizons

The BPS black hole solutions of the STU model of N=2, D=4 supergravity can be recovered from N=8, D=4 supergravity and the N=2 magic supergravities for Freudenthal triple systems in which the off-diagonal components have been diagonalized by the reduced structure group. Under D=4 U-duality, this can always be done, with the reduced structure group being in general, E6(C). Therefore, any results clarifying the quantum information interpretation of the STU model will equally apply to the N=8, D=4 and N=2 magic supergravity BPS black hole solutions. This is the case in Péter Lévay and Szilárd Szalay's November 18th pre-print: STU attractors from vanishing concurrence. The abstract is as follows:

Concurrence is an entanglement measure characterizing the mixed state bipartite correlations inside of a pure state of an n-qubit system. We show that after organizing the charges and the moduli in the STU model of N=2, d=4 supergravity to a three-qubit state, for static extremal spherically symmetric BPS black hole solutions the vanishing condition for all of the bipartite concurrences on the horizon is equivalent to the attractor equations. As a result of this the macroscopic black hole entropy given by the three-tangle can be reinterpreted as a linear entropy characterizing the pure state entanglement for an arbitrary bipartite split. Both for the BPS and non-BPS cases explicit expressions for the concurrences are obtained, with their vanishing on the horizon is demonstrated.