Wednesday, February 18, 2009

Dyonic Giant Magnons on CP^3

Kalousios et al. posted a paper (arXiv:0902.3179) today investigating a new dyonic magnon solution on CP^3. Fans of twistor theory will recall that CP^3 is actually projective twistor space. However, here the context is N=6 superconformal Chern-Simons theory with SU(N)xSU(N) symmetry, which in the large N,k limit is dual to type IIA string theory on AdS_4 x CP^3. The present paper generalizes Maldacena's giant magnon construction where it is a particular open string configuration on an R x S^2 subset of AdS_5 x S^5. This is done by noticing the equations of motion for a string on R x CP^3 are classically integrable, and supplementing them with the Virasoro constraints. Various solutions are given, such as a pointlike string moving along the equator of an S^2 in CP^3 and another on a CP^1 which is a rotation of the ordinary Hofman-Maldacena giant magnon.

Looking back at twistor string theory, Witten wanted to consider the open string B-model on CP^3, but was hindered by the fact that CP^3 is not a Calabi-Yau manifold, hence giving an anomalous R-symmetry. For this reason he considered supermanifolds of the form CP^{3|N}, which is Calabi-Yau if and only if N=4.

In the present case, type IIA string theory has no such restrictions, so it might be that Kalousios et al. have laid the foundation for a new twistor string theory on ordinary CP^3, where the perturbative expansion of the superconformal N=6 theory could be related to a D-instanton expansion of the dual string theory on AdS_4 x CP^3.

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